Thursday, January 14, 2016

Aetiology of primary hypertension

Aetiology of Primary Hypertension Although pathogenesis of essential or primary hypertension is uncertain, specific mechanisms appear to be involved in the development of primary hypertension: altered regulation of the sympathetic nervous system, abnormalities of the enin-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, salt sensitivity as well as other vascular and hormonal factors.

In addition to these multiple physiologic abnormalities diet, environment, other lifestyle fantoms and most certainly genetics frequently play a role in the development of hypertension.

Among the risk factors fro primary hypertension
*Age
*Alcohol
*Tobacco diabetes mellitus
*Elevated drum lipids
*Excess dietary sodium
*Gender Family history
*Obesity ethnicity
*Sedentary lifestyle
*Socioeconomic status
*Stress

Once diagnosed, the treatment of essential hypertension is often multifaceted and will depend on the severity and responsiveness of the particular patient to various therapies. Management of the hypertensive patient should always include some modification of lifestyle and diet. Aetiology of Primary Hypertension
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