Sunday, December 01, 2019

Children hypertension: etiology and symptoms

Epidemiological studies now report that the prevalence of pediatric hypertension ranges from3% in the general population to up to 25% in obese children.

Hypertension can be rooted from kidney malfunctions, aorta troubles and hormonal problems. High blood pressure can also be genetically passed on to children. If the family have a history of hypertension, it is only sensible to check on the kids’ blood pressure.

High blood pressure in children younger than 6 years old is usually caused by another medical condition. Older children can develop high blood pressure for the same reasons adults do — excess weight, poor nutrition and lack of exercise.

The prevalence of hypertension is much higher among overweight and obese children with estimates of 4% to 14% and 11% to 23% respectively.

It advisable that older kids get their blood pressure checked every two years at a minimum and kids who are overweight are in greater risk of having hypertension. Lifestyle changes, such as eating a heart-healthy diet and exercising more, can help reduce high blood pressure in children.

High blood pressure usually doesn't cause symptoms. However, signs and symptoms that might indicate a high blood pressure emergency (hypertensive crisis) include:
*Headaches
*Seizures
*Vomiting
*Chest pains
*Fast, pounding, or fluttering heart beat (palpitations)
*Shortness of breath
Children hypertension: etiology and symptoms
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